News & Politics

The Things They Leave Behind: Artifacts From the Vietnam Veterans Memorial

When the Vietnam Veterans Memorial opened 30 years ago this month, something unexpected happened: People started leaving things at the wall. One veteran has spent decades cataloging the letters, mementos, and other artifacts of loss—all 400,000 of them.

Photograph by Jeff Elkins

Six white votive candles are left burning at the base of the
wall after everyone
has gone. There are only the candles and the flickers
of light that dance above them. Lit from below, the names carved into the
face of the wall don’t stand out as words. Instead you see fingerprints
where a name has been touched, marked by the oils from living

It’s almost 2 in the morning on Memorial Day 2012. Usually the
Vietnam Veterans Memorial would have a carpet of mementos and letters in
front of it on this, the eve of Rolling Thunder, when thousands of
veterans, motorcycle riders, and onlookers congregate in Washington.
Indeed, they thronged to the wall earlier and left hundreds of cards,
grandchildren’s drawings, and teddy bears plus one rolled-up canvas that
might have been a tent or a tarpaulin. But tonight the rangers have
cleared everything away by order of the Secret Service. The President will
speak here tomorrow.

All of these items are, officially, suspect.

Bernie Pontones got here late, after the sweep-up. Bernie’s a
sixtyish guy with a long white ponytail, a veterans’ advocate in Grove
City, Ohio. He placed a candle in front of the wall for each of six men
who remain in his thoughts.

A teddy bear decorated with uniform name tapes was left by a member of a California chapter of Vietnam Veterans of America.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

Ask Bernie about them and he’ll tell you what he remembers or
has pieced together: Greg, the kid he knew from church, was killed when a
runway was mortared and his plane flipped and burned. Sammy, who’d been in
Bernie’s platoon, turned to his buddy and yelled, “Get down!” instead of
getting down himself. Gerald, who trained with Bernie at Fort Benning, was
in country less than a month when he bought it. Bernie doesn’t know how.
The sergeant, who heard a noise and threw his grenade. It bounced off a
tree right back at him. His body shielded the blast for the rest of the
men, including Bernie. Robert, from high school—Bernie doesn’t know how or
why or when, but he died late in the war, when the end was in sight and
death seemed particularly cruel. Ron, who had volunteered for active
combat. They say he slipped in the rain, fell, and somehow detonated his
grenade. Damnedest thing.

Despite the solemn setting, Bernie’s almost giddy tonight,
leaving burning sage all around the wall, less because he believes in the
herb’s healing powers than because it strikes him as a silly, New Agey
thing to do. And he believes in the healing powers of silliness. He
laughs, remembering the monkeys that threw rocks at them over there.
“Lifer fragged himself” is how he tells the story of the sergeant, the
grenade, and the tree.

This candle-lighting ceremony is cathartic for him, he says, a
long overdue release: During the war, there was no time to process all the
sudden death. As they said at the time, “F— it. It don’t mean nothing.”
You had to postpone your mourning.

“If you were distracted by grief,” Bernie says, “you couldn’t
keep yourself safe.” You’re fighting a war. You’ll have the rest of your
life to grieve.

Bill Schools is here with Bernie. He’s more interested in
conversation than in the wall tonight. Bill’s a Rolling Thunderer who’s
here in the wee hours because that’s the only time Bernie will come.
Bernie is still bothered, all these years later, by crowds and camera

So now the members of this small contingent from Vietnam
Veterans of Ohio, who drove eight hours to get here, have the wall to

Chris Smith came with them. He doesn’t look for any names. He
kept his distance over there—that’s how he protected his psyche. Chris
doesn’t look at the wall for more than a few seconds, even when standing
right in front of it. His eyes don’t rest. He doesn’t always come along,
but Bernie and Bill persuaded him this year.

The men leave, and as soon as their voices fade, all that
remains is their flickering gifts.

Without Bernie to explain them, the candles have no story.
They’re six pieces of a puzzle that could depict anything at

The wall is about stories. The little ones are told in the
letters and objects left behind—eccentric items that speak of matters so
intimate they may be indecipherable except to two people—one living, one
dead. Bullet casings soldered into a circle. Five cans of fruit salad. A
teddy bear, loved threadbare. A harmonica. An ace of spades. A handful of
gravel. A model carousel. A toothbrush. Graduation tassels. They’re all
pieces of a larger story still under revision, about the meaning of an
unpopular war conducted in a small country among three superpowers with
competing geopolitical ideologies—a proxy war with inchoate objectives
that killed a lot of people and sent others home in varying states of

That story is complicated.

Along with this offering was a note: “Left for our beloved only son, Dead at age eighteen.”
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

But it’s one the National Park Service relentlessly pursues.
Bernie’s candles are gathered up by park rangers and put into big blue
boxes. The boxes are hand-trucked and golf-carted to a temporary storage
room near the Washington Monument, where they await transport to the
Museum Resource Center, or MRCE, pronounced “mercy,” a gleaming modern
facility in Maryland that houses 40 historic collections from National
Park Service sites around the region. The candles get 30 days or more of
isolation and are checked for organic matter—flowers, potpourri,
marijuana, unsealed food, tobacco, anything that might carry mold. That
stuff is “deaccessioned”—thrown out to protect the rest of the

Then the artifacts go into the cotton-gloved hands of Duery
Felton Jr., curator of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Collection, a
decorated Vietnam veteran who has devoted himself to this work for 25

Felton is a young-looking 65. He’s compact, with a shaved head
and a cane he sometimes carries but rarely uses. He works in blue cotton
garments that resemble scrubs, and he moves with grace. Give him a mask
and he might be a surgeon.

Duery Felton doesn’t want to be written about. Ask him about
his thoughts and feelings—how his life would be different if there were no
Vietnam Veterans Memorial or what the hardest part of his job is—and he
answers the question he wishes you asked instead.

He pauses, touches his fingertips to his closed eyelids, and
begins: “I can tell you this one because he has died.” He answers your
question about him by talking about others. Even then he won’t give a name
or even an approximate year. Part of his sacred duty is keeping the
secrets of the 58,282 people named on the wall and their loved

Get him off the record and his face softens, his eyes widen,
and he smiles easily. But he’s wary of expressing opinions and thoughts of
his own or imposing his meanings on the objects he curates. Being
interviewed is part of his job, but he speaks as a representative of the
National Park Service, not as Duery Felton.

Profoundly injured during the war, Felton will sometimes tell
some of his story and sometimes not. He’ll sometimes confirm or deny what
others have written about him, and he’ll sometimes smile and change the
subject. Before media and researchers are allowed into the facility where
the collection is housed, they must sign a document affirming that
collection staffers have the right to refuse to answer questions or give
personal opinions.

Which of course they do with or without such a document. But
Felton prefers it this way.

There’s no mystery about Felton’s importance to this project.
Even a generation later, veterans and veterans’ groups remain mistrustful
of the government but not of Felton, who’s their go-between. Objects show
up at the wall addressed to him.

“Duery—you will understand,” reads an envelope containing a war
diary. When rumors went around that the collection was stored in a leaky
room with rats, Felton invited veterans’ groups to see the acid-free boxes
and the temperature-controlled rooms where the objects are kept, alongside
Clara Barton’s furniture and Frederick Douglass’s piano.

Even now, Felton proudly shows off a tableful of insect
traps—used—each with a number denoting where in the facility it was
placed. The contents of the traps are entered into a database to track
incipient infestations. Felton is guarding treasures.

His insistence on his own privacy, however, has attracted all
the more curiosity. In, of all places, Wiki Answers, where anyone can
answer any question at all (Q: How many types of rhinos are there? A:
Five), one of the questions is “What happened to Duery Felton Jr. in

It remains unanswered.

Even before Duery Felton joined the staff at MRCE, his knowledge was valuable. When someone left a package of M&M’s, for example, he knew it might be because M&M’s were used as a placebo when morphine pills ran out. Photograph by Jeff Elkins.

Bernie’s candles will be examined, cataloged, wrapped in a
plastic bag, and put in a blue box. And there they’ll sit, with the
hundreds of thousands of other pieces of grief in the collection, until
we’re all dead.

According to legend, the first object left at the wall was
someone’s dead brother’s Purple Heart, thrown into the cement as the
foundations were poured for the black granite panels. By the end of the
opening ceremony 30 years ago this month, lots of people had laid down
mementos. No one anticipated that. No one had any idea people’s immediate
reaction would be to do what so many returning vets say they did in
Vietnam: leave something of themselves behind.

This impulse was an entirely new phenomenon, unknown at other
memorials. It seemed to be instinctive, long before anyone knew, or even
suspected, that the things they left would be kept.

Eleanor Wimbish, a homemaker from Cecil County, Maryland, near
the northern end of the Chesapeake Bay, wrote to her son Billy as soon as
she ran out of thank-you notes for the flowers and food people had sent to
his funeral. She just kept writing, letters she wouldn’t finish, or would
finish, then rip up.

Lots of letters are addressed to “Dad.” This one came with sonogram images of a soldier’s grandchild. A cast of the child’s hands was later left at the wall.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

“It was all a secret until the wall,” she says. She lived near
enough to become friendly with the guys who stood vigil at the
construction site—vets who heard rumors of threats to bomb the memorial.
She brought them sandwiches.

The first year after the dedication, she wrote seven letters to
Billy and left them at the wall. The second year, six. Before anyone
realized the value in keeping what people left at the wall and before
there was a systematic collection system, Wimbish was leaving letters.
Before she knew anyone would see them or save them. Before she knew she
wasn’t the only one who felt compelled to leave something. She couldn’t
tell you why. Can’t tell you for sure even today.

She doesn’t write to Billy anymore. She’s 85 now, and her
husband, another son, and two grandsons have passed, too. Too many letters
to write. But Felton pulled all her letters for her, as he will for others
who ask, so she could come see them again this year, in case it’s her last

The memorial’s design is such a great story you’ve probably
heard all about it. The vet, Jan Scruggs, who watched The Deer
in 1979 and then concluded that the names had to be
remembered. His struggle with Congress to get a plot of land on the

The design contest was open to everyone. Entries had to
incorporate all the names of the dead and missing members of the US
military and had to make no political statement about the war. As the
planners put it: “The hope is that the creation of the Memorial will begin
a healing process.”

Essentially, the contest asked: Please design a piece of art
that makes no statement whatsoever while somehow attending to the psychic
wounds of hundreds of thousands of people. And—oh, yeah—leave room for
almost 60,000 names.

A committee of eminent artists would judge entries by number,
not by name, a little decision that proved huge: There would be no stigma
attached to an idea by an absolute nobody.

Up in New Haven, Yale undergraduate Maya Lin and her classmates
were taking a course in funerary architecture, and the contest became
their final project. Lin came down to look at the piece of land where the
memorial would sit, and she came up with the design we have today. The
committee unanimously chose it. Somehow, over the objections of some
veterans and Congress members and the Secretary of the Interior, her
vision got built.

The footage from the press conferences is still amazing. In the
first one, Lin giggles and tosses her hair. In another, she joins a
roomful of suited veterans and officials at least ten years older than she
is. She wears a giant, ridiculous gray hat, begging to be called eccentric
and arty. She doesn’t giggle in that one. In a 1994 documentary, Maya
Lin: A Strong Clear Vision,
she hardly ever smiles. You learn a lot
from your first press conference.

The ashes of a copy of the 1995 memoir “In Retrospect” by Robert S. McNamara, who was Defense Secretary from 1961 to 1968.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

Her design was the first of what Kirk Savage, a University of
Pittsburgh professor of the history of art and architecture, has dubbed
“therapeutic memorials,” created as psychologists began to notice
something they called posttraumatic stress disorder in the vets who came
home to a populace that wished they would shut up about the

Lin’s design is really about the visitor’s experience at the
memorial, a giant V carved into the earth like a knife wound. The viewer
journeys below ground level with the names of the dead, emerging into the
light again when leaving the names behind. The lettering is only about
half the standard one-inch size for inscriptions. You have to get close to
read it. The shiny black granite reflects you as you look at it. The
carved surface invites you to touch it; when you do, a ghostly hand meets
yours. Some early visitors were startled when they got their pictures
developed to see themselves in the wall, taking the picture.

The memorial doesn’t leave you alone. It pulls you in. It
encourages you to dredge up long-buried feelings and to experience them
right there, in semi-public, alongside other mourners.

Veteran Paul Baffico, at a recent luncheon for wall volunteers,
said: “You can physically touch a memory. You can put your hand on a name.
And it’s 6:30 am, July 23, 1970. I can smell it, hear it, feel it—my gun,
the cordite, the madness of a firefight, Hueys coming in. How the hell did
I survive this?”

Everyone who cries at the memorial has something in common.
It’s a mending wall. It invites a particular contemplation by those who
survived and now face the confounding privilege of becoming

And finally, in a way, the wall is a monumental, daring

By removing all context from the wall, Lin only seemed to be
declining to make a statement. But the absence of context, of course,
wasn’t without meaning—because the memorial says nothing about glory or
sorrow or heroism or democracy or freedom, nothing about making the world
a better place or making a sacrifice for a worthy cause. All that’s left
is loss of life, the only thing everyone could agree on, a single
existential truth. These people are gone, and that’s all there is to say
about the war.

In 1984, when the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund officially
gave the memorial to the country, the National Park Service began
semiofficially collecting all the artifacts left at the wall. By then,
Duery Felton was on the board of the DC chapter of Vietnam Veterans of
America, and he visited the facility regularly.

None of the staff at MRCE had Felton’s experience. Someone left
a package of M&M’s at the wall, and Felton knew it might be because in
the war M&M’s were the placebo of choice when morphine pills ran out.
Anything he didn’t already know he could find out from his network of

By 1989, the Park Service had hired him part-time as a museum
technician. Even now, in his more senior role as curator, he’s part-time
so that he has time for veteran activism and volunteering.

Felton is careful not to impose his own meaning on the objects.
He doesn’t correct spelling or punctuation when transcribing letters. If a
package or letter comes to the wall sealed, it stays that way. He insists
that Metro cards, car keys, fast-food spoons, and parking tickets be
collected because nobody can say they aren’t meaningful. It might, he
says, be the car the guy always wanted to buy. Nobody knows the
collection, the outpouring of grief, as he does. The collection is part of
him and he of it. There are artifacts he takes out just to look at every
once in a while, but he won’t say which.

The mysteries are always there: the black lace panties, the
Bazooka Joe bubblegum comic strips, the fishing bobber, the Mickey Mouse
ears, the single high-heeled shoe, the GI Joe action figure, the golf
trophy, the taxidermized deer hoof and ankle, the television, the set of
coins hundreds of years old.

The staff at MRCE, Lisa Lichliter (left) and Jeanne Lavelle (right), has to examine and catalog every item collected at the wall. The stream of offerings isn’t letting up. Photograph by Jeff Elkins.

Felton compares the mysteries to Odysseus and the Sirens: “Plug
your ears with wax or you’ll crash on the rocks. It’s seductive, but you
have to learn to read and not to read.” That’s one of the hardest jobs he
has—to read the letters. The content has to be archived, but the reader
can’t, day after day, week after week, let everything fully touch

The letters Felton reads but doesn’t read show poignantly what
changed—and what didn’t—with the passing years. A young woman tells her
father he would have been the best daddy in the world. A soldier can’t
forgive himself for not realizing how badly his buddy was hurt. A
37-year-old woman writes to her lover, who’s still 21.

Mustache, khakis, round pale face. Mike Brady is at the wall at
midday on Memorial Day, standing by a bench, smoking a cigar. He’s already
finished his beer.

“Every year I come back and have a beer and a cigar with my

Mike is alone.

Here’s Mike’s story: He and his brother were in Nam together at
the same time, in staggered service. Mike still had months to go, but his
brother, Brad—three days from going home—promised to smoke a cigar for
Mike when he got back. Brad never made it.

The note says these are the casing and bullet that killed one Henry Lee Bradshaw on August 12, 1968.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

Mike seems at peace, about 40 feet from the wall, where there’s
some shade, gesturing with his cigar. Nobody else seems to be here by

“They used to let me smoke over by the wall,” he says. “Some
people would bother me, but the ranger knew I was a vet and said, ‘Just
don’t leave the butt.’ ”

Mike says he’s a surgeon who has retired to Bluemont, Virginia.
He makes the trip for the cigar and the beer every year. He used to feel
sad, but not anymore. He remembers the last day he felt sad about the war.
It was the first year of the wall, camping out with other veterans the
night before the monument was to be dedicated. They all went to see it for
the first time, jumping the barriers. By flashlight it was immense,
incomprehensible—he couldn’t find his brother’s name. He didn’t care. The
wall was for both of them. When the sun rose and he found his brother’s
name, he didn’t feel sad anymore. He’s had a good life, and war is

That’s Mike’s story.

“The wall does it. All the names are on there. It’s like the
person’s spirit is on there.”

This is Edward Tick, author of War and the Soul, a
therapist from Albany who’s been treating posttraumatic stress disorder
for decades.

Tick says the wall works on two levels: It’s a symbol, and it’s
a repository. These aren’t the same thing; they answer different

After the war, veterans and family members of the dead had no
time or place to grieve and felt socially rejected for remembering a war
everyone wanted to put behind them. The wall is a place of honor in the
nation’s capital, acknowledging the sacrifices they all made and that the
whole country mourns.

But people can also unburden themselves, Tick says—put down
some of the things they’ve been carrying, literally and figuratively, and
grieve at last. The names make the wall like a grave, as if the person is

“Here in the sacred place, you can talk to the person and
complete a relationship that was cut short,” Tick says. “He is

As the hymn says, you can lay your burden down.

These were left with no explanation, but some military nurses have said they wore frilly undergarments to feel feminine under their fatigues.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

It’s a random evening at the wall, and you have to stretch a
bit to remember this is a sacred place. A pack of teenagers doesn’t even
change the topic of conversation as they walk by the names. They’re
debating Batman versus the Avengers.

Two brothers under age ten circle around behind the wall, where
the top is at ground level. They take a picture of their sister taking a
picture of the wall.

Families march by, the kids with glazed expressions from seeing
all of DC’s majesty in an afternoon, the parents trying and failing to
think of someone the kids might have heard of who’s on the wall. A young
woman on a cell phone asks, “Yeah, but what was his middle name?” A couple
out for a romantic monuments tour doesn’t seem to know what to do. Perhaps
they came here by accident but feel they owe the wall a little time, a
little discomfort. After a minute, they look at each other and nod,
walking off again.

It has taken a lot of time, but these kids are now able to walk
past the wall untouched, blessed with the confounding privilege of

Jan Scruggs, having won the battle to memorialize the war so
many were eager to forget and seeing his dream become one of the most
visited landmarks in DC, faces a different battle now. Plans are under way
for an education center nearby to explain the war to those who were born
after it was over—now about half of the US population. The education
center, perpetually about two years from completion, will display a small
fraction of the estimated 400,000 objects that have been left. And,
Scruggs hopes, that will be it—the Park Service will stop collecting the
offerings at the wall.

While important artifacts are still being left—Scruggs calls up
on his iPhone a recent photo of a bloodied Viet Cong canteen with a bullet
hole through it, leaning against the wall—MRCE just doesn’t have the
resources to collect, catalog, and store every object in perpetuity, as is
the mandate of this collection.

MRCE has an enormous backlog—estimated at about 200,000
objects, roughly half the collection—and not enough staff to catch up.
There are seven employees at the facility, but they don’t work on just
this one collection. And the stream of offerings isn’t letting up, even

They’ve learned a lot over the years by trial and error—that
cans of tomato products burst, that printer ink smudges and runs onto
other objects, that clothing deteriorates without cold storage. A canteen
with 40-year-old bloodstains teaches them more.

Nobody’s sure when or if the Park Service will stop collecting
it all. Felton loves this aspect of the collection, that it’s uncensored
and unjuried, that no judgment is made on what’s valuable and what’s not.
Everything is valuable because someone wanted it included.

The contents of the collection are not on public display. But
in a book or museum exhibit or article, someone can see the diaper pins or
Alcoholics Anonymous chips, and the story gets told.

Felton has trouble explaining to younger workers how it used to
be, why Vietnam vets are sometimes amazed that strangers now thank them
for their service. It’s just hard to explain.

Without question, Felton’s sensitivity has made it easier for
some to give up their precious memories, the treasured and fraught bits of
war, the shrapnel that slowly works its way out of wounds and gets carried
to the wall, to be laid down. Left in good hands.

But the fact that everything is gathered and stored means the
collection is unwieldy and absurdly time- and

For example, Sarah Ettinger, a paid intern, is cataloging the
objects in a box from 2010. She selects an item; consults a book, The
Revised Nomenclature for Museums,
to see how to describe it; and
notes the description on a paper form. Entering the form into a searchable
database is another step.

The item is a piece of yellow posterboard, 11 by 14 inches,
with GOD BLESS AMERICA in silver glitter and a crude, construction-paper
American flag. It’s signed by a Pittsburgh elementary-schooler who
presumably made it for a class project.

Ettinger flips around in the nomenclature guide. This is a
“communication artifact, advertising medium.” It’s not really, but that’s
as close as the nomenclature gets. She has a small space on the form to
identify this poster in a way that distinguishes it from any others. It’s
yellow, which is an unusual color, and fairly thick.

There’s a stack of posters like this one, probably one from
each kid in that class. Cataloging them all and figuring out how to note
their differences will take her the rest of the day.

The easy answer—the one her colleagues will have to reach
eventually, though Felton resists it—is that this artifact isn’t worth an
employee’s time, that no one will see it once it’s in its box, that it’s
generic and hardly likely to be significant to anyone’s healing process.
Right now, though, this is a museum artifact because a little boy put it
down in a sacred place and left it there.

Memories can’t survive on their own. They live in brains,
bouncing off things and slowly taking new shapes. One of Ed Tick’s vets
doesn’t remember being blown up with his best friend but prays that the
horrible things he dreams now, over and over, are symptomatic of the
confusion of trauma and not what really happened—that it’s a story he’s
telling himself, trying to make sense of the absurdity that is

There’s the fog of war, and there’s sometimes a different fog
that follows.

Mike Brady, the retired surgeon with the cigar who said he was
healed by seeing his brother’s name, doesn’t show up at all on Google. At
least not in Bluemont, Virginia, or any town nearby. No retired surgeon
with that name on Google, either.

The phone number he gave is a disconnected land line in
Herndon. It could have been a transcription mistake. But that guy—the vet
who’s not sad, who comes to the wall at peace and leaves cigars not
because he’s anguished but because he’s healed, the one with the great,
uplifting story—the name he gave for his brother isn’t on the

Legend has it that the first object left at the wall was a Purple Heart. Many more have been left there since.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

That doesn’t make the story untrue. Maybe something
happened—maybe, fighting demons, he panicked when asked his name and gave
a false one. Can it be that he has no story at all, that he’s just a rogue
playing an odd trick on a credulous writer? But he was there, at the wall
on Memorial Day. He had an earnest, plausible story. It can’t all be fake.
There must be an explanation.

Fifty miles away, down Snickersville Turnpike in Bluemont,
Rosemary draws a blank. She lives by the old train station, knows
everybody in town, and her father was in Nam, but she doesn’t know Mike
Brady or any retired surgeon. Neither does Scott at the post office or
Lynnette or Amy at the wounded-warrior retreat for Walter Reed patients
that will open next year. Lynnette shakes her head in woman-to-woman

“He gave you a fake name and a fake

Bubba and Pete at Tammy’s Diner know everybody in town—but no
Mike Brady or any vet who visits his brother every year at the wall and
smokes cigars.

If it’s all made up, why did he pick Bluemont, a town of 3,000
where it just happens that a retreat for wounded vets is being built? Did
he have this story ready in case he got the chance to punk

There’s got to be more to the story of Mike Brady. There is
more, even if we’ll never know it. Mike Brady, whatever he’s about, is
another artifact of the Vietnam wall.

So many of the collection’s mysteries can never be unraveled.
You can research and conjecture, but you never have the story unless the
donor gives it up. Felton warns that you should never impose your own
meaning on the things left at the wall, but of course you do. It’s the
seductive power of the collection, that an object will mean something to
you without your knowing what it meant to the person who left

Vietnam veterans returned home to an America deeply divided and
sick of talking about the war. Felton was advised not to wear his uniform
in the civilian world. He was called a baby killer.

So Felton developed another kind of Vietnam wall. There are
certain things that to this day he’ll discuss only with other vets. To
outsiders, he might tell a story shrouded in hypotheticals, expressed in
the second person and without resolution:

“Imagine it’s happened to you. You’re captured with your best
friend, and he’s injured, he’s got gangrene in his leg, and if you don’t
give up information, they won’t give him the penicillin. And after a while
the gangrene rot starts to smell.”

You can research, ask questions, and conjecture. You can find
that Duery Felton grew up in Northeast DC and attended Smothers
Elementary. That at the time of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which made
Vietnam a big war, Felton’s parents—as DC residents—had never been able to
vote for President.

You can find in previously published works that Duery Felton
Jr. volunteered for the Navy, like his father and brother, but a heart
murmur disqualified him. You can find that he then enlisted in the Army.
You can ask him about it, and he’ll tell you he was drafted, actually, and
without hesitation tell you the address on G Street, Northwest, where the
Selective Service office was.

You can find that he was awarded a Bronze Star with a V for
valor for going back into a kill zone three times to rescue the wounded
near the Cambodian border in 1967.

“A Viet Cong with a machine gun yelled right at me, ‘GI, you
die!’ and opened up,” he told the Washington Post in 1990. “The
ground around me exploded like the inside of a popcorn maker.”

Now he doesn’t want to discuss it.

Dollar bills are often left as a symbolic fulfillment of a promise. Some are torn in two—one half is left at the wall, the other kept as a remembrance.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

You can find some references to this incident as the time and
place he got his life-threatening injury, the one that would keep him at
Walter Reed for years. You can find other references that it wasn’t that
incident. You can guess that the latter is right.

You can read in Gail Buckley’s book American Patriots: The
Story of Blacks in the Military From the Revolution to Desert Storm
that he faced racism in the Army, a fact that, as Duery himself might
tell you, the North Vietnamese would exploit in propaganda pamphlets that
asked African-American soldiers: Why fight here when your civil-rights
fight is at home?

You can find that half his face was ripped off by a tank in an
accident in 1968, that he remembers the combat surgeon telling him they
were trying to save his life. You can read that he spent years at Walter
Reed in an atmosphere so racially tense that a skipping record of “My
Girl” by the Temptations incited a discussion of the merits of music made
by black people, which led to a “mini race riot,” with whites and blacks
“in wheelchairs, on crutches, carrying IV bags,” all fighting. Afterward,
he and his chapter of Vietnam Veterans of America pressured the government
over the US military’s use of Agent Orange and helped welcome troops home
from Desert Storm.

You can figure out on your own that somehow, after more than 30
surgeries and with constant pain, Duery Felton transformed himself from a
broken, angry man mistrustful of authority into a government employee who
bridges that divide for thousands of others. That he’s absolutely
necessary to one of the most interesting jobs in Washington, a curator’s
position that usually requires a graduate degree. He is a man now
emotionally healthy enough to revisit Vietnam every day, every

One time, he opened a Ziploc bag containing a bandana and was
overwhelmed by the smell of the jungle. He’s a man who never knows if he’s
going to see an object from his own unit. Who reads but doesn’t read. Who
gets calls at all hours, at his home, about veterans and the collection.
But you can never know how he does it or know if this job is what gave him
back his peace of mind, or even kept madness at bay, if that’s a story he
chooses not to tell.

It must be a hell of a story.

Rachel Manteuffel ( is an actor and writer who lives in Southwest DC. Find her on Twitter @rachelman2.

This article appears in the November 2012 issue of The Washingtonian.