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The Things They Leave Behind: Artifacts From the Vietnam Veterans Memorial

When the Vietnam Veterans Memorial opened 30 years ago this month, something unexpected happened: People started leaving things at the wall. One veteran has spent decades cataloging the letters, mementos, and other artifacts of loss—all 400,000 of them.

Photograph by Jeff Elkins.

Six white votive candles are left burning at the base of the wall after everyone has gone. There are only the candles and the flickers of light that dance above them. Lit from below, the names carved into the face of the wall don’t stand out as words. Instead you see fingerprints where a name has been touched, marked by the oils from living skin.

It’s almost 2 in the morning on Memorial Day 2012. Usually the Vietnam Veterans Memorial would have a carpet of mementos and letters in front of it on this, the eve of Rolling Thunder, when thousands of veterans, motorcycle riders, and onlookers congregate in Washington. Indeed, they thronged to the wall earlier and left hundreds of cards, grandchildren’s drawings, and teddy bears plus one rolled-up canvas that might have been a tent or a tarpaulin. But tonight the rangers have cleared everything away by order of the Secret Service. The President will speak here tomorrow.

All of these items are, officially, suspect.

Bernie Pontones got here late, after the sweep-up. Bernie’s a sixtyish guy with a long white ponytail, a veterans’ advocate in Grove City, Ohio. He placed a candle in front of the wall for each of six men who remain in his thoughts.

A teddy bear decorated with uniform name tapes was left by a member of a California chapter of Vietnam Veterans of America.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

Ask Bernie about them and he’ll tell you what he remembers or has pieced together: Greg, the kid he knew from church, was killed when a runway was mortared and his plane flipped and burned. Sammy, who’d been in Bernie’s platoon, turned to his buddy and yelled, “Get down!” instead of getting down himself. Gerald, who trained with Bernie at Fort Benning, was in country less than a month when he bought it. Bernie doesn’t know how. The sergeant, who heard a noise and threw his grenade. It bounced off a tree right back at him. His body shielded the blast for the rest of the men, including Bernie. Robert, from high school—Bernie doesn’t know how or why or when, but he died late in the war, when the end was in sight and death seemed particularly cruel. Ron, who had volunteered for active combat. They say he slipped in the rain, fell, and somehow detonated his grenade. Damnedest thing.

Despite the solemn setting, Bernie’s almost giddy tonight, leaving burning sage all around the wall, less because he believes in the herb’s healing powers than because it strikes him as a silly, New Agey thing to do. And he believes in the healing powers of silliness. He laughs, remembering the monkeys that threw rocks at them over there. “Lifer fragged himself” is how he tells the story of the sergeant, the grenade, and the tree.

This candle-lighting ceremony is cathartic for him, he says, a long overdue release: During the war, there was no time to process all the sudden death. As they said at the time, “F—- it. It don’t mean nothing.” You had to postpone your mourning.

“If you were distracted by grief,” Bernie says, “you couldn’t keep yourself safe.” You’re fighting a war. You’ll have the rest of your life to grieve.

Bill Schools is here with Bernie. He’s more interested in conversation than in the wall tonight. Bill’s a Rolling Thunderer who’s here in the wee hours because that’s the only time Bernie will come. Bernie is still bothered, all these years later, by crowds and camera flashes.

So now the members of this small contingent from Vietnam Veterans of Ohio, who drove eight hours to get here, have the wall to themselves.

Chris Smith came with them. He doesn’t look for any names. He kept his distance over there—that’s how he protected his psyche. Chris doesn’t look at the wall for more than a few seconds, even when standing right in front of it. His eyes don’t rest. He doesn’t always come along, but Bernie and Bill persuaded him this year.

The men leave, and as soon as their voices fade, all that remains is their flickering gifts.

Without Bernie to explain them, the candles have no story. They’re six pieces of a puzzle that could depict anything at all.

The wall is about stories. The little ones are told in the letters and objects left behind—eccentric items that speak of matters so intimate they may be indecipherable except to two people—one living, one dead. Bullet casings soldered into a circle. Five cans of fruit salad. A teddy bear, loved threadbare. A harmonica. An ace of spades. A handful of gravel. A model carousel. A toothbrush. Graduation tassels. They’re all pieces of a larger story still under revision, about the meaning of an unpopular war conducted in a small country among three superpowers with competing geopolitical ideologies—a proxy war with inchoate objectives that killed a lot of people and sent others home in varying states of disrepair.

That story is complicated.

Along with this offering was a note: “Left for our beloved only son, Dead at age eighteen.”
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

But it’s one the National Park Service relentlessly pursues. Bernie’s candles are gathered up by park rangers and put into big blue boxes. The boxes are hand-trucked and golf-carted to a temporary storage room near the Washington Monument, where they await transport to the Museum Resource Center, or MRCE, pronounced “mercy,” a gleaming modern facility in Maryland that houses 40 historic collections from National Park Service sites around the region. The candles get 30 days or more of isolation and are checked for organic matter—flowers, potpourri, marijuana, unsealed food, tobacco, anything that might carry mold. That stuff is “deaccessioned”—thrown out to protect the rest of the collection.

Then the artifacts go into the cotton-gloved hands of Duery Felton Jr., curator of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Collection, a decorated Vietnam veteran who has devoted himself to this work for 25 years.

Felton is a young-looking 65. He’s compact, with a shaved head and a cane he sometimes carries but rarely uses. He works in blue cotton garments that resemble scrubs, and he moves with grace. Give him a mask and he might be a surgeon.

Duery Felton doesn’t want to be written about. Ask him about his thoughts and feelings—how his life would be different if there were no Vietnam Veterans Memorial or what the hardest part of his job is—and he answers the question he wishes you asked instead.

He pauses, touches his fingertips to his closed eyelids, and begins: “I can tell you this one because he has died.” He answers your question about him by talking about others. Even then he won’t give a name or even an approximate year. Part of his sacred duty is keeping the secrets of the 58,282 people named on the wall and their loved ones.

Get him off the record and his face softens, his eyes widen, and he smiles easily. But he’s wary of expressing opinions and thoughts of his own or imposing his meanings on the objects he curates. Being interviewed is part of his job, but he speaks as a representative of the National Park Service, not as Duery Felton.

Profoundly injured during the war, Felton will sometimes tell some of his story and sometimes not. He’ll sometimes confirm or deny what others have written about him, and he’ll sometimes smile and change the subject. Before media and researchers are allowed into the facility where the collection is housed, they must sign a document affirming that collection staffers have the right to refuse to answer questions or give personal opinions.

Which of course they do with or without such a document. But Felton prefers it this way.

There’s no mystery about Felton’s importance to this project. Even a generation later, veterans and veterans’ groups remain mistrustful of the government but not of Felton, who’s their go-between. Objects show up at the wall addressed to him.

“Duery—you will understand,” reads an envelope containing a war diary. When rumors went around that the collection was stored in a leaky room with rats, Felton invited veterans’ groups to see the acid-free boxes and the temperature-controlled rooms where the objects are kept, alongside Clara Barton’s furniture and Frederick Douglass’s piano.

Even now, Felton proudly shows off a tableful of insect traps—used—each with a number denoting where in the facility it was placed. The contents of the traps are entered into a database to track incipient infestations. Felton is guarding treasures.

His insistence on his own privacy, however, has attracted all the more curiosity. In, of all places, Wiki Answers, where anyone can answer any question at all (Q: How many types of rhinos are there? A: Five), one of the questions is “What happened to Duery Felton Jr. in Vietnam?”

It remains unanswered.

Even before Duery Felton joined the staff at MRCE, his knowledge was valuable. When someone left a package of M&M’s, for example, he knew it might be because M&M’s were used as a placebo when morphine pills ran out. Photograph by Jeff Elkins.

Bernie’s candles will be examined, cataloged, wrapped in a plastic bag, and put in a blue box. And there they’ll sit, with the hundreds of thousands of other pieces of grief in the collection, until we’re all dead.

According to legend, the first object left at the wall was someone’s dead brother’s Purple Heart, thrown into the cement as the foundations were poured for the black granite panels. By the end of the opening ceremony 30 years ago this month, lots of people had laid down mementos. No one anticipated that. No one had any idea people’s immediate reaction would be to do what so many returning vets say they did in Vietnam: leave something of themselves behind.

This impulse was an entirely new phenomenon, unknown at other memorials. It seemed to be instinctive, long before anyone knew, or even suspected, that the things they left would be kept.

Eleanor Wimbish, a homemaker from Cecil County, Maryland, near the northern end of the Chesapeake Bay, wrote to her son Billy as soon as she ran out of thank-you notes for the flowers and food people had sent to his funeral. She just kept writing, letters she wouldn’t finish, or would finish, then rip up.

Lots of letters are addressed to “Dad.” This one came with sonogram images of a soldier’s grandchild. A cast of the child’s hands was later left at the wall.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

“It was all a secret until the wall,” she says. She lived near enough to become friendly with the guys who stood vigil at the construction site—vets who heard rumors of threats to bomb the memorial. She brought them sandwiches.

The first year after the dedication, she wrote seven letters to Billy and left them at the wall. The second year, six. Before anyone realized the value in keeping what people left at the wall and before there was a systematic collection system, Wimbish was leaving letters. Before she knew anyone would see them or save them. Before she knew she wasn’t the only one who felt compelled to leave something. She couldn’t tell you why. Can’t tell you for sure even today.

She doesn’t write to Billy anymore. She’s 85 now, and her husband, another son, and two grandsons have passed, too. Too many letters to write. But Felton pulled all her letters for her, as he will for others who ask, so she could come see them again this year, in case it’s her last chance.

The memorial’s design is such a great story you’ve probably heard all about it. The vet, Jan Scruggs, who watched The Deer Hunter in 1979 and then concluded that the names had to be remembered. His struggle with Congress to get a plot of land on the Mall.

The design contest was open to everyone. Entries had to incorporate all the names of the dead and missing members of the US military and had to make no political statement about the war. As the planners put it: “The hope is that the creation of the Memorial will begin a healing process.”

Essentially, the contest asked: Please design a piece of art that makes no statement whatsoever while somehow attending to the psychic wounds of hundreds of thousands of people. And—oh, yeah—leave room for almost 60,000 names.

A committee of eminent artists would judge entries by number, not by name, a little decision that proved huge: There would be no stigma attached to an idea by an absolute nobody.

Up in New Haven, Yale undergraduate Maya Lin and her classmates were taking a course in funerary architecture, and the contest became their final project. Lin came down to look at the piece of land where the memorial would sit, and she came up with the design we have today. The committee unanimously chose it. Somehow, over the objections of some veterans and Congress members and the Secretary of the Interior, her vision got built.

The footage from the press conferences is still amazing. In the first one, Lin giggles and tosses her hair. In another, she joins a roomful of suited veterans and officials at least ten years older than she is. She wears a giant, ridiculous gray hat, begging to be called eccentric and arty. She doesn’t giggle in that one. In a 1994 documentary, Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision, she hardly ever smiles. You learn a lot from your first press conference.

The ashes of a copy of the 1995 memoir “In Retrospect” by Robert S. McNamara, who was Defense Secretary from 1961 to 1968.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

Her design was the first of what Kirk Savage, a University of Pittsburgh professor of the history of art and architecture, has dubbed “therapeutic memorials,” created as psychologists began to notice something they called posttraumatic stress disorder in the vets who came home to a populace that wished they would shut up about the war.

Lin’s design is really about the visitor’s experience at the memorial, a giant V carved into the earth like a knife wound. The viewer journeys below ground level with the names of the dead, emerging into the light again when leaving the names behind. The lettering is only about half the standard one-inch size for inscriptions. You have to get close to read it. The shiny black granite reflects you as you look at it. The carved surface invites you to touch it; when you do, a ghostly hand meets yours. Some early visitors were startled when they got their pictures developed to see themselves in the wall, taking the picture.

The memorial doesn’t leave you alone. It pulls you in. It encourages you to dredge up long-buried feelings and to experience them right there, in semi-public, alongside other mourners.

Veteran Paul Baffico, at a recent luncheon for wall volunteers, said: “You can physically touch a memory. You can put your hand on a name. And it’s 6:30 am, July 23, 1970. I can smell it, hear it, feel it—my gun, the cordite, the madness of a firefight, Hueys coming in. How the hell did I survive this?”

Everyone who cries at the memorial has something in common. It’s a mending wall. It invites a particular contemplation by those who survived and now face the confounding privilege of becoming old.

And finally, in a way, the wall is a monumental, daring deception.

By removing all context from the wall, Lin only seemed to be declining to make a statement. But the absence of context, of course, wasn’t without meaning—because the memorial says nothing about glory or sorrow or heroism or democracy or freedom, nothing about making the world a better place or making a sacrifice for a worthy cause. All that’s left is loss of life, the only thing everyone could agree on, a single existential truth. These people are gone, and that’s all there is to say about the war.

In 1984, when the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund officially gave the memorial to the country, the National Park Service began semiofficially collecting all the artifacts left at the wall. By then, Duery Felton was on the board of the DC chapter of Vietnam Veterans of America, and he visited the facility regularly.

None of the staff at MRCE had Felton’s experience. Someone left a package of M&M’s at the wall, and Felton knew it might be because in the war M&M’s were the placebo of choice when morphine pills ran out. Anything he didn’t already know he could find out from his network of veterans.

By 1989, the Park Service had hired him part-time as a museum technician. Even now, in his more senior role as curator, he’s part-time so that he has time for veteran activism and volunteering.

Felton is careful not to impose his own meaning on the objects. He doesn’t correct spelling or punctuation when transcribing letters. If a package or letter comes to the wall sealed, it stays that way. He insists that Metro cards, car keys, fast-food spoons, and parking tickets be collected because nobody can say they aren’t meaningful. It might, he says, be the car the guy always wanted to buy. Nobody knows the collection, the outpouring of grief, as he does. The collection is part of him and he of it. There are artifacts he takes out just to look at every once in a while, but he won’t say which.

The mysteries are always there: the black lace panties, the Bazooka Joe bubblegum comic strips, the fishing bobber, the Mickey Mouse ears, the single high-heeled shoe, the GI Joe action figure, the golf trophy, the taxidermized deer hoof and ankle, the television, the set of coins hundreds of years old.

The staff at MRCE, Lisa Lichliter (left) and Jeanne Lavelle (right), has to examine and catalog every item collected at the wall. The stream of offerings isn’t letting up. Photograph by Jeff Elkins.

Felton compares the mysteries to Odysseus and the Sirens: “Plug your ears with wax or you’ll crash on the rocks. It’s seductive, but you have to learn to read and not to read.” That’s one of the hardest jobs he has—to read the letters. The content has to be archived, but the reader can’t, day after day, week after week, let everything fully touch him.

The letters Felton reads but doesn’t read show poignantly what changed—and what didn’t—with the passing years. A young woman tells her father he would have been the best daddy in the world. A soldier can’t forgive himself for not realizing how badly his buddy was hurt. A 37-year-old woman writes to her lover, who’s still 21.

Mustache, khakis, round pale face. Mike Brady is at the wall at midday on Memorial Day, standing by a bench, smoking a cigar. He’s already finished his beer.

“Every year I come back and have a beer and a cigar with my brother.”

Mike is alone.

Here’s Mike’s story: He and his brother were in Nam together at the same time, in staggered service. Mike still had months to go, but his brother, Brad—three days from going home—promised to smoke a cigar for Mike when he got back. Brad never made it.

The note says these are the casing and bullet that killed one Henry Lee Bradshaw on August 12, 1968.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

Mike seems at peace, about 40 feet from the wall, where there’s some shade, gesturing with his cigar. Nobody else seems to be here by himself.

“They used to let me smoke over by the wall,” he says. “Some people would bother me, but the ranger knew I was a vet and said, ‘Just don’t leave the butt.’ ”

Mike says he’s a surgeon who has retired to Bluemont, Virginia. He makes the trip for the cigar and the beer every year. He used to feel sad, but not anymore. He remembers the last day he felt sad about the war. It was the first year of the wall, camping out with other veterans the night before the monument was to be dedicated. They all went to see it for the first time, jumping the barriers. By flashlight it was immense, incomprehensible—he couldn’t find his brother’s name. He didn’t care. The wall was for both of them. When the sun rose and he found his brother’s name, he didn’t feel sad anymore. He’s had a good life, and war is war.

That’s Mike’s story.

“The wall does it. All the names are on there. It’s like the person’s spirit is on there.”

This is Edward Tick, author of War and the Soul, a therapist from Albany who’s been treating posttraumatic stress disorder for decades.

Tick says the wall works on two levels: It’s a symbol, and it’s a repository. These aren’t the same thing; they answer different needs.

After the war, veterans and family members of the dead had no time or place to grieve and felt socially rejected for remembering a war everyone wanted to put behind them. The wall is a place of honor in the nation’s capital, acknowledging the sacrifices they all made and that the whole country mourns.

But people can also unburden themselves, Tick says—put down some of the things they’ve been carrying, literally and figuratively, and grieve at last. The names make the wall like a grave, as if the person is present.

“Here in the sacred place, you can talk to the person and complete a relationship that was cut short,” Tick says. “He is here.”

As the hymn says, you can lay your burden down.

These were left with no explanation, but some military nurses have said they wore frilly undergarments to feel feminine under their fatigues.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

It’s a random evening at the wall, and you have to stretch a bit to remember this is a sacred place. A pack of teenagers doesn’t even change the topic of conversation as they walk by the names. They’re debating Batman versus the Avengers.

Two brothers under age ten circle around behind the wall, where the top is at ground level. They take a picture of their sister taking a picture of the wall.

Families march by, the kids with glazed expressions from seeing all of DC’s majesty in an afternoon, the parents trying and failing to think of someone the kids might have heard of who’s on the wall. A young woman on a cell phone asks, “Yeah, but what was his middle name?” A couple out for a romantic monuments tour doesn’t seem to know what to do. Perhaps they came here by accident but feel they owe the wall a little time, a little discomfort. After a minute, they look at each other and nod, walking off again.

It has taken a lot of time, but these kids are now able to walk past the wall untouched, blessed with the confounding privilege of ignorance.

Jan Scruggs, having won the battle to memorialize the war so many were eager to forget and seeing his dream become one of the most visited landmarks in DC, faces a different battle now. Plans are under way for an education center nearby to explain the war to those who were born after it was over—now about half of the US population. The education center, perpetually about two years from completion, will display a small fraction of the estimated 400,000 objects that have been left. And, Scruggs hopes, that will be it—the Park Service will stop collecting the offerings at the wall.

While important artifacts are still being left—Scruggs calls up on his iPhone a recent photo of a bloodied Viet Cong canteen with a bullet hole through it, leaning against the wall—MRCE just doesn’t have the resources to collect, catalog, and store every object in perpetuity, as is the mandate of this collection.

MRCE has an enormous backlog—estimated at about 200,000 objects, roughly half the collection—and not enough staff to catch up. There are seven employees at the facility, but they don’t work on just this one collection. And the stream of offerings isn’t letting up, even now.

They’ve learned a lot over the years by trial and error—that cans of tomato products burst, that printer ink smudges and runs onto other objects, that clothing deteriorates without cold storage. A canteen with 40-year-old bloodstains teaches them more.

Nobody’s sure when or if the Park Service will stop collecting it all. Felton loves this aspect of the collection, that it’s uncensored and unjuried, that no judgment is made on what’s valuable and what’s not. Everything is valuable because someone wanted it included.

The contents of the collection are not on public display. But in a book or museum exhibit or article, someone can see the diaper pins or Alcoholics Anonymous chips, and the story gets told.

Felton has trouble explaining to younger workers how it used to be, why Vietnam vets are sometimes amazed that strangers now thank them for their service. It’s just hard to explain.

Without question, Felton’s sensitivity has made it easier for some to give up their precious memories, the treasured and fraught bits of war, the shrapnel that slowly works its way out of wounds and gets carried to the wall, to be laid down. Left in good hands.

But the fact that everything is gathered and stored means the collection is unwieldy and absurdly time- and resource-intensive.

For example, Sarah Ettinger, a paid intern, is cataloging the objects in a box from 2010. She selects an item; consults a book, The Revised Nomenclature for Museums, to see how to describe it; and notes the description on a paper form. Entering the form into a searchable database is another step.

The item is a piece of yellow posterboard, 11 by 14 inches, with GOD BLESS AMERICA in silver glitter and a crude, construction-paper American flag. It’s signed by a Pittsburgh elementary-schooler who presumably made it for a class project.

Ettinger flips around in the nomenclature guide. This is a “communication artifact, advertising medium.” It’s not really, but that’s as close as the nomenclature gets. She has a small space on the form to identify this poster in a way that distinguishes it from any others. It’s yellow, which is an unusual color, and fairly thick.

There’s a stack of posters like this one, probably one from each kid in that class. Cataloging them all and figuring out how to note their differences will take her the rest of the day.

The easy answer—the one her colleagues will have to reach eventually, though Felton resists it—is that this artifact isn’t worth an employee’s time, that no one will see it once it’s in its box, that it’s generic and hardly likely to be significant to anyone’s healing process. Right now, though, this is a museum artifact because a little boy put it down in a sacred place and left it there.

Memories can’t survive on their own. They live in brains, bouncing off things and slowly taking new shapes. One of Ed Tick’s vets doesn’t remember being blown up with his best friend but prays that the horrible things he dreams now, over and over, are symptomatic of the confusion of trauma and not what really happened—that it’s a story he’s telling himself, trying to make sense of the absurdity that is war.

There’s the fog of war, and there’s sometimes a different fog that follows.

Mike Brady, the retired surgeon with the cigar who said he was healed by seeing his brother’s name, doesn’t show up at all on Google. At least not in Bluemont, Virginia, or any town nearby. No retired surgeon with that name on Google, either.

The phone number he gave is a disconnected land line in Herndon. It could have been a transcription mistake. But that guy—the vet who’s not sad, who comes to the wall at peace and leaves cigars not because he’s anguished but because he’s healed, the one with the great, uplifting story—the name he gave for his brother isn’t on the wall.

Legend has it that the first object left at the wall was a Purple Heart. Many more have been left there since.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

That doesn’t make the story untrue. Maybe something happened—maybe, fighting demons, he panicked when asked his name and gave a false one. Can it be that he has no story at all, that he’s just a rogue playing an odd trick on a credulous writer? But he was there, at the wall on Memorial Day. He had an earnest, plausible story. It can’t all be fake. There must be an explanation.

Fifty miles away, down Snickersville Turnpike in Bluemont, Rosemary draws a blank. She lives by the old train station, knows everybody in town, and her father was in Nam, but she doesn’t know Mike Brady or any retired surgeon. Neither does Scott at the post office or Lynnette or Amy at the wounded-warrior retreat for Walter Reed patients that will open next year. Lynnette shakes her head in woman-to-woman sympathy.

“He gave you a fake name and a fake number?”

Bubba and Pete at Tammy’s Diner know everybody in town—but no Mike Brady or any vet who visits his brother every year at the wall and smokes cigars.

If it’s all made up, why did he pick Bluemont, a town of 3,000 where it just happens that a retreat for wounded vets is being built? Did he have this story ready in case he got the chance to punk someone?

There’s got to be more to the story of Mike Brady. There is more, even if we’ll never know it. Mike Brady, whatever he’s about, is another artifact of the Vietnam wall.

So many of the collection’s mysteries can never be unraveled. You can research and conjecture, but you never have the story unless the donor gives it up. Felton warns that you should never impose your own meaning on the things left at the wall, but of course you do. It’s the seductive power of the collection, that an object will mean something to you without your knowing what it meant to the person who left it.

Vietnam veterans returned home to an America deeply divided and sick of talking about the war. Felton was advised not to wear his uniform in the civilian world. He was called a baby killer.

So Felton developed another kind of Vietnam wall. There are certain things that to this day he’ll discuss only with other vets. To outsiders, he might tell a story shrouded in hypotheticals, expressed in the second person and without resolution:

“Imagine it’s happened to you. You’re captured with your best friend, and he’s injured, he’s got gangrene in his leg, and if you don’t give up information, they won’t give him the penicillin. And after a while the gangrene rot starts to smell.”

You can research, ask questions, and conjecture. You can find that Duery Felton grew up in Northeast DC and attended Smothers Elementary. That at the time of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which made Vietnam a big war, Felton’s parents—as DC residents—had never been able to vote for President.

You can find in previously published works that Duery Felton Jr. volunteered for the Navy, like his father and brother, but a heart murmur disqualified him. You can find that he then enlisted in the Army. You can ask him about it, and he’ll tell you he was drafted, actually, and without hesitation tell you the address on G Street, Northwest, where the Selective Service office was.

You can find that he was awarded a Bronze Star with a V for valor for going back into a kill zone three times to rescue the wounded near the Cambodian border in 1967.

“A Viet Cong with a machine gun yelled right at me, ‘GI, you die!’ and opened up,” he told the Washington Post in 1990. “The ground around me exploded like the inside of a popcorn maker.”

Now he doesn’t want to discuss it.

Dollar bills are often left as a symbolic fulfillment of a promise. Some are torn in two—one half is left at the wall, the other kept as a remembrance.
Photograph from the book Offerings at the Wall courtesy of Turner Publishing.

You can find some references to this incident as the time and place he got his life-threatening injury, the one that would keep him at Walter Reed for years. You can find other references that it wasn’t that incident. You can guess that the latter is right.

You can read in Gail Buckley’s book American Patriots: The Story of Blacks in the Military From the Revolution to Desert Storm that he faced racism in the Army, a fact that, as Duery himself might tell you, the North Vietnamese would exploit in propaganda pamphlets that asked African-American soldiers: Why fight here when your civil-rights fight is at home?

You can find that half his face was ripped off by a tank in an accident in 1968, that he remembers the combat surgeon telling him they were trying to save his life. You can read that he spent years at Walter Reed in an atmosphere so racially tense that a skipping record of “My Girl” by the Temptations incited a discussion of the merits of music made by black people, which led to a “mini race riot,” with whites and blacks “in wheelchairs, on crutches, carrying IV bags,” all fighting. Afterward, he and his chapter of Vietnam Veterans of America pressured the government over the US military’s use of Agent Orange and helped welcome troops home from Desert Storm.

You can figure out on your own that somehow, after more than 30 surgeries and with constant pain, Duery Felton transformed himself from a broken, angry man mistrustful of authority into a government employee who bridges that divide for thousands of others. That he’s absolutely necessary to one of the most interesting jobs in Washington, a curator’s position that usually requires a graduate degree. He is a man now emotionally healthy enough to revisit Vietnam every day, every hour.

One time, he opened a Ziploc bag containing a bandana and was overwhelmed by the smell of the jungle. He’s a man who never knows if he’s going to see an object from his own unit. Who reads but doesn’t read. Who gets calls at all hours, at his home, about veterans and the collection. But you can never know how he does it or know if this job is what gave him back his peace of mind, or even kept madness at bay, if that’s a story he chooses not to tell.

It must be a hell of a story.

Rachel Manteuffel ( is an actor and writer who lives in Southwest DC. Find her on Twitter @rachelman2.

This article appears in the November 2012 issue of The Washingtonian.

  • John Kirkwood

    An outstanding article Rachel; thank you so much for this!

  • peet

    great article - and I have to give a nod to the book that the title of the article was poached from: "The things they carried" by Tim O'brien. One of the best books I've read about Vietnam. One of the best books I've read, period.

  • Jeanne Lavelle

    Hello, this is Jeanne Lavelle who was featured in the November issue re: Vietnam Veterans Memorial article. My sister called you to add my name and another colleague's name under the picture showing us doing the processing. Please correct the spelling of Lisa's last name. It should spell Lichliter. My apology. Thank you very much for adding our names.

  • Bernie

    I was one A in 1968 after my trip to White Hall Street. In the draft lottery, I got lucky with a high number. I was against the war, but felt a lot of guilt about the young men who had to go, and die, just because their birthday was drawn ahead of mine. I fully understand that there are many things that they just can't discuss with anyone that was not there. No matter how many times you would say, I understand, you ( And I ) do not understand. Nanci Griffith has a song about her husband"s experience in Nam that I think hit's it on the head as far as trying to feel what they feel. You can't. The song is called " Traveling through this part of you .

  • A widow

    Thank you so much for such a wonderful article. I will be at the Wall for Veterans Day to honor my husband Richard Sparks (panel 43W line 43) with my sister and my friend. I will recommend that they read this article before we go, as I consider it a "must read"! Many thanks to the staff who work at the Wall and at the repository.

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